Niki de Saint Phalle (1930 – 2002) was a French-American sculptor,
painter, filmmaker, and author of colorful hand-illustrated books. Widely noted
as one of the few female monumental sculptors, Saint Phalle was also known for her
social commitment and work.
Phalle's idiosyncratic style has been called "outsider art"; she had
no formal training in art, but associated freely with many other
contemporary artists, writers, and composers. Her books and abundant
correspondence were written and brightly-colored in a childish style, but
throughout her lifetime she addressed many controversial and important global
problems in the bold way which children often question and call out
critic has observed that Saint Phalle's "insistence on exuberance, emotion
and sensuality, her pursuit of the figurative and her bold use of color have
not endeared her to everyone in a minimalist age". She was well known
in Europe, but her work was little-seen in the US, until her final years in
San Diego. Another critic said: "The French-born, American-raised artist
is one of the most significant female and feminist artists of the 20th century,
and one of the few to receive recognition in the male-dominated art world
during her lifetime".
3-D Lenticular Postcard by artist Juan Carlos Espejo. See second image to get some idea of the depth seen when the card is tilted.