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Tutankhamun. Egyptian Pharoah. (1333-1323 BC.) Age 9-19. Ironically, one of Egypt's Kings who was the least esteemed in life, has become the most renowned in death.
Uprising in Egypt. In early 2011 millions of Egyptians took to the streets in nonviolent protest. After 18 days, the dictator of 30 years, Hosni Mubarak resigned. Walk like an Egyptian!
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Tutankhamun. The 1922, discovery by Howard Carter and George Herbert, of Tutankhamun's nearly intact tomb received worldwide press coverage. It sparked a renewed public interest in ancient Egypt, for which Tutankhamun's burial mask remains the popular symbol. Exhibits of artifacts from his tomb have toured the world. Tutankhamun seems to have faded from public consciousness in Ancient Egypt within a short time after his death, and he remained virtually unknown until the 1920s. Relics from Tutankhamun's tomb are among the most traveled artifacts in the world.
The 2011 Egyptian revolution took place following a popular uprising that began on 25 January 2011. The uprising, in which the participants placed emphasis on the peaceful nature of the struggle, mainly comprised a campaign of civil resistance, which featured a series of demonstrations, marches, acts of civil disobedience, and labor strikes. Millions of protesters from a variety of socio-economic and religious backgrounds demanded the overthrow of the regime of Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak.
In background preparation for a possible overthrow of Mubarak, opposition groups had studied the work of Gene Sharp on non-violent revolution, including working with leaders of Otpor!, the student-led Serbian uprising in 2000. Copies of Sharp's list of 198 non-violent "weapons", translated into Arabic and not always attributed to him, were circulating in Tahrir Square during its occupation.
Opposition groups were planning a day of revolt for 25 January, coinciding with the National Police Day. The purpose was to protest against abuses by the police in front of the Ministry of Interior. The protests were illegal, since permission required to proceed with the demonstration had not been acquired, and the security forces had to respond according to law. Many political movements, opposition parties and public figures chose to support the day of revolt. The Facebook group set up specifically for the event attracted 80,000 attendees.
Egyptian women were highly active throughout the revolution. They took part in the protests themselves, were present in news clips and on Facebook forums, and were part of the leadership during the Egyptian revolution. In Tahrir Square, female protesters, some with their children, worked to support the protests. The overall peacefulness of the protesters, despite provocations, was credited in part to the participation of many women and children.